Caregiver Perceptions of Social Risk Screening in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: From the Multicenter SOCIAL-Tx Study

Sharad I. Wadhwani, Gina Kruse, James Squires, Noelle Ebel, Nitika Gupta, Kathleen Campbell, Evelyn Hsu, Shannon Zielsdorf, Jennifer Vittorio, Dev M. Desai, John C. Bucuvalas, Laura M. Gottlieb, Jennifer C. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background. The social determinants of health contribute to adverse post-liver transplant outcomes. Identifying unmet social risks may enable transplant teams to improve long-term outcomes for at-risk children. However, providers may feel uncomfortable asking about household-level social risks in the posttransplant period because they might make their patients/families uncomfortable. Methods. We conducted a mixed-methods analysis of caregiver participants (ie, parents/guardians of pediatric liver transplant recipients) in the Social and Contextual Impact on Children Undergoing Liver Transplantation study to assess their perceptions of provider-based social risk screening. Participants (N = 109) completed a 20-min social determinants of health questionnaire that included questions on the acceptability of being asked intimate social risk questions. A subset of participants (N = 37) engaged in an in-depth qualitative interview to share their perceptions of social risk screening. Results. Of 109 participants across 9 US transplant centers, 60% reported financial strain and 30% reported at least 1 material economic hardship (eg, food insecurity, housing instability). Overall, 65% of respondents reported it very or somewhat appropriate and 25% reported being neutral to being screened for social risks in a liver transplant setting. In qualitative analyses, participants reported trust in the providers and a clear understanding of the intention of the screening as prerequisites for liver transplant teams to perform social risk screening. Conclusions. Only a small minority of caregivers found social risk screening unacceptable. Pediatric liver transplant programs should implement routine social risk screening and prioritize the patient and family voices when establishing a screening program to ensure successful implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-946
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024


Dive into the research topics of 'Caregiver Perceptions of Social Risk Screening in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: From the Multicenter SOCIAL-Tx Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this