Cardiac troponin I release in acute pulmonary embolism in relation to the duration of symptoms

Gopikrishna Punukollu, Ijaz A. Khan, Ramesh M. Gowda, Gaurav Lakhanpal, Balendu C. Vasavada, Terrence J. Sacchi

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the release of cardiac troponin I in normotensive patients with acute pulmonary embolism in relation to the duration of symptoms. Methods: Fifty-seven normotensive patients with acute pulmonary embolism were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups based on the duration of symptoms at presentation: symptoms of ≤72 h, group A; symptoms of >72 h, group B. Serum cardiac troponin I levels were measured at presentation. Results: Mean age was 63±18 years and 23 (40%) patients were males. Thirty-three (58%) patients had symptoms of ≤72 h (group A) and 24 (42%) had symptoms of >72 h (group B). Both groups had similar prevalence of right ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography (55% [n=18] in group A vs. 42% [n=10] in group B, p=NS). Sixteen patients had elevated serum cardiac troponin I (mean±S.D. 3.3±2.3 ng/ml, range 0.6-8.3 ng/ml). Elevated serum cardiac troponin I was strongly associated with right ventricular dysfunction (p=0.015). All patients with elevated serum cardiac troponin I (n=16) were in group A (p<0.0001). Twelve of 18 (67%) patients with (p=0.0005) and 4 of 15 (27%) patients without (p=NS) right ventricular dysfunction had elevated serum cardiac troponin I. Thirteen of 16 (81%) patients with elevated serum cardiac troponin I had duration of symptoms ≤24 h at presentation. Conclusions: The dynamics of cardiac troponin I release in acute pulmonary embolism in patients who present with symptoms of ≤72 h duration could be different from those who present with longer duration of symptoms. Therefore, the use of cardiac troponin I in risk stratification of acute pulmonary embolism might be limited to the patients presenting within 72 h of the onset of symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac markers
  • Cardiac troponin I
  • Pulmonary circulation
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Right ventricular dysfunction
  • Risk stratification

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