Cardiac pacing from the esophagus

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24 Scopus citations


An attempt was made to electrically pace the heart with an electrode positioned in the lower esophagus. This was successful in 3 of 5 patients. In the successful cases no significant pain or skeletal muscle stimulation occurred. In the 2 unsuccessful cases pain or muscular stimulation, or both, precluded the utilization of adequate voltages. Some of the potentials of this technique as well as the possible drawbacks are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-644
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1971
Externally publishedYes


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