Cardiac, obstetric, and fetal outcomes during pregnancy after biological or mechanical aortic valve replacement

Ismail Bouhout, Nancy Poirier, Amine Mazine, Annie Dore, Lise Andrée Mercier, Line Leduc, Ismail El-Hamamsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to assess pregnancy-related cardiac, maternal, and fetal outcomes in women who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods: From 1978-2011, 67 women < 40 years of age underwent 74 isolated AVRs (52 mechanical prostheses and 22 bioprostheses). All patients were prospectively followed at our dedicated valve clinic. Patients with Turner syndrome, previous hysterectomy, or tubal ligation were excluded. Cardiovascular, obstetric, and fetal outcomes were gathered from medical records and telephone interviews. Results: A total of 27 pregnancies were reported in 14 patients (bioprosthetic AVR, n= 20; mechanical AVR, n= 7). In the bioprosthetic AVR group, the following adverse events occurred: hospitalizations for syncope (n= 2), prosthetic valve deterioration after pregnancy necessitating reintervention 6 months postpartum (n= 1), miscarriages (n= 9), and preterm birth (n= 1). In the mechanical AVR group, the following adverse events occurred: embolic myocardial infarctions with a decrease in systolic function (n= 2; 1 pregnancy was terminated and 1 was completed), miscarriage (n= 1), postpartum bleeding (n= 1), urgent cesarean section for placental abruption (n= 1), and preterm birth (n= 1). Conclusions: Findings from this study suggest that pregnancies in women with mechanical AVRs are associated with a higher risk of cardiac and obstetric adverse events. Thus, from this limited cohort, it appears that pregnancies in women with bioprostheses are safer than those in patients with mechanical AVRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-807
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

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