Capsaicin 8% Patch in Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

David M. Simpson, Jessica Robinson-Papp, Joanna Van, Malcolm Stoker, Hélène Jacobs, Robert J. Snijder, Diederik S. Schregardus, Stephen K. Long, Bruno Lambourg, Nathaniel Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

This 12-week study evaluated the efficacy and safety of capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo patch in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). Patients aged 18 years or older with PDPN were randomized (1:1) to one 30-minute treatment (capsaicin 8% patch or placebo patch) to painful areas of the feet. Overall, 369 patients were randomized (capsaicin 8% patch, n = 186; placebo patch, n = 183). Percentage reduction in average daily pain score from baseline to between weeks 2 through 8 (the primary end point) was statistically significant for capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo (−27.4% vs −20.9%; P = .025); improvements in pain were observed from week 2 onward. Versus placebo, patients treated with capsaicin 8% patch had a shorter median time to treatment response (19 vs 72 days) and modest improvements in sleep interference scores from baseline to between weeks 2 through 8 (P = .030) and weeks 2 through 12 (P = .020). Apart from application site reactions, treatment-emergent adverse events were similar between groups. No indications of deterioration in sensory perception of sharp, cold, warm, or vibration stimuli were observed. In patients with PDPN, capsaicin 8% patch treatment provided modest pain relief and sleep quality improvements versus a placebo patch, similar in magnitude to other treatments with known efficacy, but without systemic side effects or sensory deterioration. Perspective To our knowledge, this is the first study of the capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo in patients with PDPN to show that one 30-minute capsaicin treatment provides modest improvements in pain and sleep quality. Results confirm the clinical utility of the capsaicin 8% patch in the diabetic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-53
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pain
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Brief Pain Inventory-Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Capsaicin 8% patch
  • NPRS average daily pain score
  • painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy
  • phase 3 study

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