Cancer survival and survivorship

Dana Hashim, Elisabete Weiderpass

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The number of cancer survivors has increased substantially over the past four decades and about 50% of patients diagnosed with cancer in high-income countries can be expected to live for at least 5 more years. The key determinants of cancer survivorship are stage at diagnosis and access to care. Cancer survival and cancer survivorship merges public health knowledge with clinical practice to provide a prognostic outlook on for patients with a cancer diagnosis. There are many methods of assessing survival that serve to both describe survival experience and/or estimate the effect of survival predictors between patient groups. Many factors, including physical signs and symptoms, psychosocial concerns, quality of life, health behaviors, and economic impact influence cancer survivorship of the individual and groups of individuals with cancer. Addressing barriers to cancer survivorship aid in improving the efficacy of screening programs and patient accessibility to cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Cancer
PublisherElsevier
Pages250-259
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128124857
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer survival
  • Cox model
  • Kaplan-Meier analysis
  • Lead-time bias
  • Log rank test
  • Poisson model
  • Proportional hazards
  • Survivor rate
  • Survivorship
  • Time-to-event

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