Can the treatment of normal-pressure hydrocephalus induce normal-tension glaucoma? A narrative review of a current knowledge

Yasin Hamarat, Laimonas Bartusis, Mantas Deimantavicius, Paulius Lucinskas, Lina Siaudvytyte, Rolandas Zakelis, Alon Harris, Sunu Mathew, Brent Siesky, Ingrida Janulevicienė, Arminas Ragauskas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement is the most commonly used treatment of normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). It has been hypothesized that normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is caused by the treatment of NPH by using the shunt to reduce intracranial pressure (ICP). The aim of this study is to review the literature published regarding this hypothesis and to emphasize the need for neuro-ophthalmic follow-up for the concerned patients. The source literature was selected from the results of an online PubMed search, using the keywords “hydrocephalus glaucoma” and “normal-tension glaucoma shunt”. One prospective study on adults, one prospective study on children, two retrospective studies on adults and children, two case reports, three review papers including medical hypotheses, and one prospective study on monkeys were identified. Hypothesis about the association between the treatment of NPH using the shunt to reduce ICP and the development of NTG were supported in all reviewed papers. This suggests that a safe lower limit of ICP for neurological patients, especially shunt-treated NPH patients, should be kept. Thus, we proposed to modify the paradigm of safe upper ICP threshold recommended in neurosurgery and neurology into the paradigm of safe ICP corridor applicable in neurology and ophthalmology, especially for shunt-treated hydrocephalic and glaucoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intracranial pressure
  • Lamina cribrosa
  • Normal-pressure hydrocephalus
  • Normal-tension glaucoma
  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt

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