Background: The ability to differentiate right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) from coronary cusp (CC) site of origin (SOO) by 12-lead ECG in pediatric patients may impact efficacy and procedural time. The objective of this study was to predict RVOT versus CC SOO by ECG in pediatric patients. Methods: Pediatric patients (<21 years) without structural heart disease with RVOT or CC premature ventricular contraction (PVC) ablations performed (2014-2018) were evaluated through multi-institution retrospective review. Demographics, ECG PVC parameters, ablation site, recurrence, and repeat procedures were collected. Results: Thirty-seven patients were evaluated (mean age 14.6 years, weight 60.6 kg): 11 CC and 26 RVOT PVC SOO. CC PVCs were less likely to exhibit left bundle branch block (64% vs 100%, P =.005), had larger R-wave amplitude in V1 (0.27 vs 0.11 mV, P =.03), larger R/S ratio in V1 (0.37 vs 0.09, P =.003), and had precordial transition in V3 or earlier (73% vs 15%, P =.002). A composite score was created with the following variables: isodiphasic or positive QRS in V1, R/S ratio in V1 > 0.05, S wave in V1 < 0.9 mV, and precordial transition at or before V3. Composite score ≥ 2 was associated with a CC SOO (OR 42.0, P =.001, and AUC 0.86). Conclusions: 12-lead ECG of PVCs from the CC was associated with larger V1 R-wave amplitude, larger R/S ratio in V1, and precordial transition at or before V3. A composite score may help predict PVC/VT arising from the CC.
- coronary cusp
- premature ventricular contraction