Can Functional Testing for Ischemia and Viability Guide Revascularization?

Lisa M. Mielniczuk, Gabor G. Toth, Joe X. Xie, Bernard De Bruyne, Leslee J. Shaw, Rob S. Beanlands

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac imaging procedures are a cornerstone of the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiac disease. The optimal management of the patient with stable ischemic heart disease or ischemic heart failure often rests on the totality of symptom burden, patient risk, and disease severity, whether assessed anatomically or functionally. Recent trials have demonstrated the power of flow measurements to direct revascularization as well as the strengths and limitations of ischemia and viability/hibernation imaging as markers of risk to direct interventions. They have also highlighted the challenges in evaluating imaging or functional testing to direct therapies, because imaging does not directly affect outcome itself, rather it affects the management decisions that may result in a positive outcome. Ongoing studies with randomized designs, such as FAME 3 (Fractional Flow Reserve versus Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation), ISCHEMIA (International Study of Comparative Health Effectiveness with Medical and Invasive Approaches), and AIMI-HF (Alternative Imaging Modalities in Ischemic Heart Failure) (IMAGE-HF [Imaging Modalities to Assist with Guiding Therapy in The Evaluation of Patients with Heart Failure]), will provide the highest level of evidence to support practice changes that may further clarify the role of cardiac imaging in the evaluation of these patients and result in improved patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-364
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PET
  • coronary revascularization
  • fractional flow reserve
  • heart failure
  • ischemic heart disease

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