Calculated activity of Mn 2+ at the outer surface of the root cell plasma membrane governs Mn nutrition of cowpea seedlings

Peter M. Kopittke, F. Pax C. Blamey, Peng Wang, Neal W. Menzies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Manganese (Mn) is an essential micronutrient for plant growth but is often toxic in acid or waterlogged soils. Using cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) grown with 0.05-1500 μM Mn in solution, two short-term (48 h) solution culture experiments examined if the effects of cations (Ca, Mg, Na, Al, or H) on Mn nutrition are related to the root cells' plasma membrane (PM) surface potential, ψ00. When grown in solutions containing levels of Mn that were toxic, both relative root elongation rate (RRER) and root tissue Mn concentration were more closely related to the activity of Mn 2+ at the outer surface of the PM, Mn 2+ 0 0 (R 2=0.812 and 0.871) than to its activity in the bulk solution, Mn 2+b (R 2=0.673 and 0.769). This was also evident at lower levels of Mn (0.05-10 μM) relevant to studies investigating Mn as an essential micronutrient (R 2=0.791 versus 0.590). In addition, changes in the electrical driving force for ion transport across the PM influenced both RRER and the Mn concentration in roots. The Mn 2+b causing a 50% reduction in root growth was found to be c. 500 to >1000 μM (depending upon solution composition), whilst the corresponding value was 3300 μM when related to {Mn 2+} 0 0. Although specific effects such as competition are not precluded, the data emphasize the importance of non-specific electrostatic effects in the Mn nutrition of cowpea seedlings over a 1×10 5-fold range of Mn concentration in solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3993-4001
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume62
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Manganese nutrition
  • manganese toxicity
  • plasma membrane surface potential
  • root growth
  • tissue concentration

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