Calcineurin regulation of the mammalian G0/G1 checkpoint element, cyclin dependent kinase 4

Shairaz Baksh, James A. DeCaprio, Steven J. Burakoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclin dependent kinase 4 (cdk4) activity is controlled by the binding of regulatory subunits and inhibitory factors, as well as tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation. More recently the influence of calcium levels have been demonstrated. Using transient transfections in Jurkat cells, we observed specific binding between cdk4 and the calcium and calmodulin activated serine/threonine phosphatase, calcineurin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the inhibition of the phosphatase activity of calcineurin with FK506 and cyclosporin A resulted in an overall increase in cdk4 kinase activity, suggesting that the phosphatase activity of calcineurin was inhibitory to the kinase activity of cdk4. In contrast, we were not able to observe a similar effect on the kinase activity of either cdk6 or cdk2, indicating that the phosphatase activity of calcineurin was specific for cdk4. In addition, using an in vitro phosphatase assay for calcineurin, we observed that the exogenous addition of calcineurin resulted in the dephosphorylation of cdk4, an event that downregulated the kinase activity of cdk4. Calcineurin could, therefore, play an opposing role to the action of the cyclin activating kinase complex, an enzyme that upregulates the kinase activity of cdk4, an important G0/G1 in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2820-2827
Number of pages8
JournalOncogene
Volume19
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcineurin
  • Cdk4
  • Cell cycle
  • Cyclin activating kinase
  • Jurkat cells

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