CAG repeat within the androgen receptor gene and incidence of surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia in U.S. physicians

Edward Giovannucci, Meir J. Stampfer, Andrew Chan, Krishna Krithivas, Peter H. Gann, Charles H. Hennekens, Philip W. Kantoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. CAG repeat length in exon 1 of the androgen receptor (AR) gene correlates inversely with transcriptional transactivation activity of the AR. Men with shorter AR CAG repeat lengths are at higher risk of prostate cancer. Because benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an androgen-dependent condition, we examined the hypothesis that a shorter AR gene CAG repeat length increases the risk of developing of BPH. METHODS. Among 14,916 men of the Physicians' Health Study who had provided a blood sample in 1982, we measured AR gene CAG repeat lengths for 310 men who had surgery for BPH up to 7.5 years of follow-up and 1,041 controls. RESULTS. Risk of surgery for BPH increased linearly with decreasing AR CAG repeat length (P (trend) = 0.03). Relative to men with a CAG repeat length ≥25, men with a repeat length ≤19 had an odds ratio of BPH surgery of 1.76 (95% confidence interval, 1.16- 2.65). CONCLUSIONS. Variability in the AR gene CAG repeat influences the development of symptomatic BPH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalProstate
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Benign prostate hyperplasia
  • CAG repeats
  • Prospective studies

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