Broadband mid-infrared nonlinear optical modulator enabled by gold nanorods: Towards the mid-infrared regime

Bin Huang, Zhe Kang, Jie Li, Mingyi Liu, Pinghua Tang, Lili Miao, Chujun Zhao, Guanshi Qin, Weiping Qin, Shuangchun Wen, Paras N. Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mid-infrared pulsed lasers operating around the 3 μm wavelength regime are important for a wide range of applications including sensing, spectroscopy, imaging, etc. Despite the recent advances in technology, the lack of a nonlinear optical modulator operating in the mid-infrared regime remains a significant challenge. Here, we report the third-order nonlinear optical response of gold nanorods (GNRs) ranging from 800 nm to the mid-infrared regime (2810 nm) enabled by their size and overlapping behavior-dependent longitudinal surface plasmon resonance. In addition, we demonstrate a wavelength-tunable Er3+-doped fluoride fiber laser modulated by GNRs, which can deliver pulsed laser output, with the pulse duration down to 533 ns, tunable wavelength ranging from 2760.2 to 2810.0 nm, and spectral 3 dB bandwidth of about 1 nm. The experimental results not only validate the GNRs’ robust mid-infrared nonlinear optical response, but also manifest their application potential in high-performance broadband optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-704
Number of pages6
JournalPhotonics Research
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

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