Charles R. Bridges, Michael S. Hanna

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The historical beginnings of pacemakers for the treatment of bradyarrhythmias were predated by the recognition of heart block as one etiology for syncope. Patients with extremely slow pulse rates were noted to be prone to ‘epileptic’ seizures and dizziness. Between 1826 and 1846, several cases of the Stokes-Adams syndrome were described, clearly implicating profound bradycardia as the cause of syncope. An understanding of the physiological basis for heart block awaited the discovery by Wilhelm His in 1895 of a bundle of conduction tissue that resulted in atrioventricular (AV) block when cut.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOperative Cardiac Surgery, Fifth Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781444114171
ISBN (Print)9780340759745
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Bradyarrhythmias/pacemakers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this