Fifty-nine children aged 18 to 47 months with normal and elevated blood lead levels had bone mineral density (BMD in gm/cm2) and bone mineral content (BMC in gm/cm) measured using the technique of single photon absorptiometry of the radius shaft. No normative data are available for black children of this age group. Moderate elevations of blood lead were not found to influence bone mineralization. The BMC of the study children was significantly higher than the published values for white children of the same age. We found no statistical difference between the bone mineral density of males and females in this age group.