Body Mass Index Impacts Indication But Not Outcomes of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair

Peter V. Cooke, Susmita Chennareddy, Roshini Kalagara, Justin M. George, Halbert Bai, Christopher M. Faries, Windsor Ting, Ajit Rao, Michael L. Marin, Peter L. Faries, Rami O. Tadros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There are limited studies looking at thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) outcomes in obese and overweight patients. Our objective was to determine the rate of complications, reintervention, and short-term mortality in normal weight, overweight, and obese patients undergoing TEVAR. Methods: Patients undergoing TEVAR at a large tertiary hospital from October 2007 to January 2020 were analyzed. Patients were stratified into 3 cohorts based on body mass index (BMI): normal (18.5–25 kg/m2), overweight (25–30 kg/m2), and obese (>30 kg/m2). Primary outcomes were 30-day and 1-year survival. Intraoperative, in-hospital, and postdischarge complications were assessed as secondary outcomes using the Clavian-Dindo classification system. In addition, reinterventions associated with the index TEVAR procedure as a secondary outcome. Results: Among 204 patients fitting the study criteria, we identified 65 with normal BMI, 78 overweight, and 61 obese patients. Obese patients were younger than the overweight and normal BMI patients (mean age 62.2 vs. 66.7 vs. 70.7, respectively, P = 0.003). In terms of TEVAR indication, the obese cohort had the highest percentage of patients with type B aortic dissection (36.4%), while the normal BMI cohort had the higher proportion of patients undergoing TEVAR for isolated thoracic aortic aneurysm (63.9%). Intraoperative complications did not significantly differ between cohorts. Postoperatively, in-hospital complications, postdischarge complications and 30-day return to the operative room did not differ significantly between study cohorts. Odds of reintervention did not differ significantly between cohorts, both on univariate and multivariate analysis. Log-rank test of Kaplan Meier analysis revealed no difference in reintervention-free survival (P = 0.22). Thirty-day mortality and 1-year overall survival were similar across cohorts. Both univariate and multivariate logarithmic regression revealed no difference in likelihood of 30-day mortality between the obese and normal cohort. Conclusions: There were no measurable differences in complications, reinterventions, or mortality, suggesting that vascular surgeons can perform TEVAR across a spectrum of BMI without compromising outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
StatePublished - Feb 2024


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