Body dysmorphic disorder symptoms among patients with acne vulgaris

Whitney P. Bowe, James J. Leyden, Canice E. Crerand, David B. Sarwer, David J. Margolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acne is one of the most common concerns of patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a psychiatric condition defined as a preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in appearance that causes significant disruption in daily functioning. Objective: We sought to screen for BDD symptoms among patients with acne across a spectrum of acne severity. Methods: We used a validated self-report questionnaire and an objective assessment of acne severity by a single observer. Results: Rates of BDD ranged from 14.1% using more stringent criteria to assess acne severity to 21.1% using less stringent criteria. Two-fold increased odds of having BDD was seen in patients requiring systemic isotretinoin therapy. Limitations: Cross-sectional study design is a limitation. Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients, regardless of their acne severity at the time of examination, have substantial distress and preoccupation related to their facial appearance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-230
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

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