Blood management strategies for total hip arthroplasty in Jehovah's witness patients

Julio J. Jauregui, Bhaveen H. Kapadia, Samik Banerjee, Kimona Issa, Sherwin Su, Steven F. Harwin, Michael A. Mont

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total hip arthroplasty is associated with extensive blood loss, which is often corrected using allogeneic blood transfusions. However, Jehovah's Witnesses often refuse allogeneic blood transfusions or certain types of autologous blood transfusions due to their religious beliefs. This may represent a tremendous challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon and their team. Performing a total hip arthroplasty on a Jehovah's Witness patient requires a well-trained group of physicians willing to pre-operatively optimize the patient, attempt to minimize the blood loss during the surgery, adequately manage the post-operative period, and be aware of which of the life-saving strategies can be used in these patients during an emergency situation. Ultimately, physicians should be prepared to deal with marked blood loss and respect the patients' wishes, values, and beliefs. This review focuses on studies where primary or revision total hip arthroplasty was performed in Jehovah's Witness patients. Therefore, we will illustrate that with a prepared team and an optimized patient, it is potentially quite safe to perform total hip arthroplasties in Jehovah's Witness patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-343
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical technology international
Volume24
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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