Blood brain and blood lung barrier alteration by dysbaric exposure

C. Chryssanthou, M. Springer, S. Lipschitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Failure of certain circulating substances to penetrate specific organs led to the concept of blood-organ barriers. Such barriers can be altered by various physical or chemical means. This report concerns modification of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-lung barrier (BLB) by dysbaric exposure. Trypan blue was intravenously administered to 19 experimental rabbits (subjected to compression-decompression) and to 11 controls (kept at ambient pressure). Gross and microscopic examination and measurements of dye extracted from tissues revealed greater dye penetration into lung and brain of the experimental animals. Dye concentration in brain was 12.10 μg/g tissue in experimental and 2.93 μg in control animals; in lungs it was 935 μg and 434 μg, respectively (0.01 > P 0.001). Increased permeability of BBB and BLB was associated with intravascular bubbles. The mechanism of BBB and BLB alteration may involve chemical agents activated by gas-blood interface or vascular injury produced by bubbles. These observations could have pathogenetic implications in decompression sickness and may suggest new methods for facilitating penetration of therapeutic agents into the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-129
Number of pages13
JournalUndersea Biomedical Research
Volume4
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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