Biomechanical changes during a 90º cut in collegiate female soccer players with participation in the 11+

Celeste Dix, Amelia Arundale, Holly Silvers-Granelli, Adam Marmon, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background Valgus collapse and high knee abduction moments have been identified as biomechanical risk factors for ACL injury. It is unknown if participation in the 11+, a previously established, dynamic warm-up that emphasizes biomechanical technique and reduces ACL injury rates, reduces components of valgus collapse during a 90º cut. Hypothesis/Purpose To determine whether participation in the 11+ during a single soccer season reduced peak knee abduction moment and components of valgus collapse during a 90º cut in collegiate female soccer players. Study Design Prospective cohort study Methods Forty-six participants completed preseason and postseason motion analysis of a 90º cut. During the season, 31 players completed the 11+ and 15 players completed their typical warm-up (control group). Peak knee abduction moment, components of valgus collapse (hip adduction, internal rotation, and knee abduction angles), and a novel measure of knee valgus collapse were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVAs to determine differences between preseason and postseason. Smallest detectable change (SDC) and minimal important difference (MID) values were applied to contextualize results. Results There was a significant main effect of time for non-dominant knee valgus collapse (p=0.03), but decreases in non-dominant knee valgus collapse only exceeded the SDC in the intervention team. Conclusions Clinically meaningful decreases in knee valgus collapse may indicate a beneficial biomechanical effect of the 11+. Participation in the 11+ may lower ACL injury risk by reducing valgus collapse during a 90º cut. Thank you to the University of Delaware, Temple University, and Wilmington University women’s soccer teams, coaches, and athletic training staff for their participation in this study. Thank you to Kelsey O’Donnell and Elise Krause for their assistance in data processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-680
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Injury
  • Knee
  • Training


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