Bilateral congenital eventration of the diaphragm almost uniformly presents in infancy with respiratory compromise and is associated with a high mortality rate. Delayed presentation of diaphragmatic eventration in older children and adults may be associated with acute gastric volvulus. Thus, any patient with abdominal pain, vomiting, or nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms in association with abnormal diaphragmatic findings on chest x-ray should undergo further diagnostic workup with upper gastrointestinal series or computed tomography (CT) scan. Treatment of gastric volvulus requires immediate surgical repair to prevent subsequent necrosis and perforation. The authors describe a case report of bilateral congenital diaphragmatic eventration complicated by a perforated gastric volvulus in a 13-year-old boy. Emergent reduction of the volvulus, closure of the perforated stomach, plication of the diaphragm, and placement of gastrostomy was performed successfully. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
- Gastric volvulus