Beyond the Four Walls: The American College of Emergency Physicians 2022 New Practice Models Task Force Report

members of the New Practice Models Task Force

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emergency physicians are highly trained to deliver acute unscheduled care. The emergency physician core skillset gained during emergency medicine residency can be applied to many other roles that benefit patients and extend and diversify emergency physician careers. In 2022, the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) convened the New Practice Models Task Force to describe new care models and emergency physician opportunities outside the 4 walls of the emergency department. The Task Force consisted of 21 emergency physicians with broad experience and 2 ACEP staff. Fifty-nine emergency physician roles were identified (21 established clinical roles, 16 emerging clinical roles, 9 established nonclinical roles, and 13 emerging nonclinical roles). A strength-weakness-opportunity-threat (SWOT) analysis was performed for each role. Using the analysis, the Task Force made recommendations for guiding ACEP internal actions, advocacy, education, and research opportunities. Emphasis was placed on urgent care, rural medicine, telehealth/virtual care, mobile integrated health care, home-based services, emergency psychiatry, pain medicine, addiction medicine, and palliative care as roles with high or rising demand that draw on the emergency physician skillset. Advocacy recommendations focused on removing state and federal regulatory and legislative barriers to the expansion of new and emerging roles. Educational recommendations focused on aggregating available resources, developing a centralized resource for career guidance, and new educational content for emerging roles. The Task Force also recommended promoting research on potential advantages (eg, improved outcomes, lower cost) of emergency physicians in certain roles and new care models (eg, emergency physician remote supervision in rural settings).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-271
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

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