Basic fibroblast growth factor stimulates myelopoiesis in long-term human bone marrow cultures

E. L. Wilson, D. B. Rifkin, F. Kelly, M. J. Hannocks, J. L. Gabrilove

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107 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously showed that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a potent mitogen for human bone marrow (BM) stromal cells and significantly delays their senescence. In the present study, we demonstrated that low concentrations of bFGF (0.2 to 2 ng/mL) enhance myelopoiesis in long-term human BM culture. Addition of bFGF to long-term BM cultures resulted in an increase in (a) the number of nonadherent cells (sixfold), particularly those of the neutrophil granulocyte series; (b) the number of nonadherent granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)- and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-responsive progenitor cells; (c) the number of adherent foci of hematopoietic cells (10-fold); and (d) the number of progenitor cells in the adherent stromal cell layer. These effects were not noted with higher concentrations of bFGF (20 ng/mL). Thus, low concentrations of bFGF effectively augment myelopoiesis in human long-term BM cultures, and bFGF may therefore be a regulator of the hematopoietic system in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)954-960
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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