Bariatric surgery and total knee/hip arthroplasty: an analysis of the impact of sequence and timing on outcomes

Jiabin Liu, Haoyan Zhong, Jashvant Poeran, Peter K. Sculco, David H. Kim, Stavros G. Memtsoudis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with morbid obesity may require both bariatric surgery and total knee/hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). How to sequence these two procedures with better outcomes remains largely unstudied. METHODS: This cohort study extracted claims data on patients with an obesity diagnosis that received both bariatric surgery and TKA/THA surgery within 5 years of each other (Premier Healthcare database 2006-2019). Overall, 1894 patients received bariatric surgery before TKA or THA, while 1000 patients underwent TKA or THA before bariatric surgery. Main outcomes and measures include major complications (acute renal failure, acute myocardial infarction, other cardiovascular complications, sepsis/septic shock, pulmonary complications, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, and central nervous system-related adverse events), postoperative intensive care unit utilization, ventilator utilization, 30-day readmission, 90-day readmission, 180-day readmission and total hospital length of stay after the second surgery. Regression models measured the association between the complications and sequence of TKA/THA and bariatric surgery. RESULTS: Undergoing TKA/THA before bariatric surgery (compared with the reverse) was associated with higher odds of major complications (7.0% vs 1.9%; adjusted OR 4.8, 95% CI 3.1, 7.6, p<0.001). Similar patterns were also observed for intensive care unit admission, ventilator use postoperatively, 30-day, and 90-day readmissions. Patients who received a second surgery within 6 months of their first surgery exhibited worse outcomes, especially among the TKA/THA first patient cohort. Major complication incidences occurred at 20.5%, 12.5%, 5.1%, 5.0%, 5.8% and 8.5% with time between TKA/THA and bariatric surgery at <6 months, 6 months-1 year, 1-2, 2-3, 3-4 and 4-5 years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who require both bariatric surgery and TKA/THA should consider bariatric surgery before TKA/THA as it is associated with improved outcomes. Procedures should be staged beyond 6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-945
Number of pages5
JournalRegional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • health care
  • outcome assessment
  • outcomes
  • postoperative complications
  • treatment outcome

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