This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of a balloon-expandable Palmaz stent common iliac artery occluder device for endovascular stent-graft repair of aortoiliac aneurysms. Eighty-four patients (79 men, 5 women; age range 60-95 yr; mean age, 76 yr) with aortoiliac aneurysms underwent endovascular stent-graft repair. The repair consisted of a stent-graft extending from the abdominal aorta to the iliac or common femoral artery, a cross-femoral bypass graft, and an endovascular arterial occluder device within the contralateral common iliac artery. The occluder device consisted of a 5-cm segment of 6-mm diameter polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft with a purse-string suture occluding the leading end and a Palmaz stent sutured to the trailing end. The occluder device was delivered through a 17F catheter via an arteriotomy. Eighty-three of the 84 patients received aortic endografts. In one case, infrarenal aortic rupture occurred during deployment of the aortic stent requiring conversion to an open surgical repair. Initial technical success for occluder device insertion was achieved in 78 of the remaining 83 patients. Failure to advance the occluder device delivery sheath through a diseased iliac artery occurred in one patient. Common iliac artery rupture occurred during balloon expansion and occluder device deployment in two patients. Two patients required additional coil embolization of the common iliac artery adjacent to the occluder device at the time of stent-graft insertion to correct incomplete iliac occlusion. Delayed occluder device-related complications included one patient with a postoperative iliac endoleak who required percutaneous coil embolization and one patient with a postoperative iliac endoleak in whom a contained aortic aneurysm rupture developed that was treated by surgical ligation of the common iliac artery. Use of the Palmaz stent-based iliac artery occluder device is an effective technique to induce common iliac artery thrombosis to facilitate endoluminal stentgraft aneurysm repair.