Automated assessment of ischemic core on non-contrast computed tomography: A multicenter comparative analysis with CT perfusion

Puja Shahrouki, Shingo Kihira, Elham Tavakkol, Joe X. Qiao, Achala Vagal, Pooja Khatri, Mersedeh Bahr-Hosseini, Geoffrey P. Colby, Reza Jahan, Gary Duckwiler, Viktor Szeder, Luke Ledbetter, Stephen Cai, Banafsheh Salehi, Amish H. Doshi, Puneet Belani, Johanna T. Fifi, Reade De Leacy, J. Mocco, Jeffrey L. SaverDavid S. Liebeskind, Kambiz Nael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Application of machine learning (ML) algorithms has shown promising results in estimating ischemic core volumes using non-contrast CT (NCCT). Objective: To assess the performance of the e-Stroke Suite software (Brainomix) in assessing ischemic core volumes on NCCT compared with CT perfusion (CTP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: In this retrospective multicenter study, patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusions who underwent pretreatment NCCT and CTP, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerbral Infarction ≥2b), and post-treatment MRI, were included from three stroke centers. Automated calculation of ischemic core volumes was obtained on NCCT scans using ML algorithm deployed by e-Stroke Suite and from CTP using Olea software (Olea Medical). Comparative analysis was performed between estimated core volumes on NCCT and CTP and against MRI calculated final infarct volume (FIV). Results: A total of 111 patients were included. Estimated ischemic core volumes (mean±SD, mL) were 20.4±19.0 on NCCT and 19.9±18.6 on CTP, not significantly different (P=0.82). There was moderate (r=0.40) and significant (P<0.001) correlation between estimated core on NCCT and CTP. The mean difference between FIV and estimated core volume on NCCT and CTP was 29.9±34.6 mL and 29.6±35.0 mL, respectively (P=0.94). Correlations between FIV and estimated core volume were similar for NCCT (r=0.30, P=0.001) and CTP (r=0.36, P<0.001). Conclusions: Results show that ML-based estimated ischemic core volumes on NCCT are comparable to those obtained from concurrent CTP in magnitude and in degree of correlation with MR-assessed FIV.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjnis-2023-020954
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • CT
  • CT perfusion
  • stroke


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