Autoantibodies to the protein core of vascular basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan in systemic lupus erythematosus

Howard Fillit, Shinobu Shibata, Takeshi Sasaki, Harry Spiera, Leslie D. Kerr, Milan Blake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Vascular heparan sulfate proteoglycan (vHSPG) has an important role in the normal vasculature, including hemostasis, lipolysis and other vascular functions. These functions are mediated by both the glycosarninogly-can and protein core moieties of vHSPG. Autoimmunity to vHSPG has been demonstrated to play a role in vascular injury in animal models, and is present in patients with autoimmune vascular disease. However, most previous studies of human autoimmunity to vHSPG have only investigated heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan epitopes. In the current investigations. autoantibodies to the protein core of vHSPG in sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were investigated. vHSPG protein core was prepared by chemical deglycosylation. Competitive immunoinhibition ELISA and immunoblotting imrnuno-assays were established employing monoclonal antibodies to vHSPG protein core. SLE sera were demonstrated to contain IgG autoantibodies reactive with the vHSPG protein core by immunoblotting. Human autoantibodies to vHSPG protein core were not inhibited by heparan sulfate confirming their protein core reactivity. Competitive immunoinhibition studies employing a solid phase radioimmunoassay also confirmed the reactivity of human sera with vHSPG protein core. By ELISA, a significant increase in the occurrence of anti-vHSPG protein core antibodies was noted in SLE sera. While most previous investigations have demonstrated autoimmunity to heparan sulfate, the presence of IgG autoantibodies to vHSPG protein core demonstrates that the entire vHSPG proteoglycan is the target of autoimmunity in SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993


  • Autoimmunity
  • Heparan sulfate
  • Proteoglycans
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus


Dive into the research topics of 'Autoantibodies to the protein core of vascular basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan in systemic lupus erythematosus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this