Atrial electrogram discordance during baseline vs reinduced atrial fibrillation: Potential ramifications for ablation procedures

Angelo B. Biviano, Edward J. Ciaccio, Robert Knotts, Jessica Fleitman, John Lawrence, Vivek Iyer, William Whang, Hasan Garan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background There are scant data comparing the electrogram (EGM) signal characteristics of atrial fibrillation (AF) at baseline vs electrically induced states during ablation procedures. Objective The purpose of this study was to use novel intracardiac signal analysis techniques to gain insights into the effects of catheter ablation and AF reinduction on AF EGMs in patients with persistent AF. Methods We collected left atrial EGMs in patients undergoing first ablation for persistent AF at 3 time intervals: (1) AF at baseline; (2) AF after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI); and (3) AF after post-PVI cardioversion and subsequent reinduction. We analyzed 2 EGM spectral characteristics: (1) dominant frequency and (2) spectral complexity; and 2 EGM morphologic characteristics: (1) morphology variation and (2) pattern repetitiveness. Results There were no differences in AF dominant frequency, dominant amplitude, spectral complexity, or metrics of EGM morphology or repetitiveness at baseline vs after PVI. However, dominant frequency, dominant amplitude, and spectral complexity differed significantly after direct current cardioversion and reinduction of AF. Conclusion The frequency, spectral complexity, and local EGM morphologies of AF do not significantly change over the course of a PVI procedure in patients with persistent AF. However, reinduction of AF after direct current cardioversion results in different dominant frequency and spectral complexity, consistent with a change in the characteristics of the perpetuating source(s) of the newly induced AF. These data suggest that AF properties can vary significantly between baseline and reinduced AF, with potential clinical ramifications for outcomes of catheter ablation procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1448-1455
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Dominant frequency
  • Electrogram analysis
  • Linear prediction


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