Athens QRS score as a predictor of coronary artery disease in patients with chest pain and normal exercise stress test

Raza Alvi, Eduard Sklyar, Robert Gorski, Moustapha Atoui, Maryam Afshar, Jonathan N. Bella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-The diagnostic value of the Athens QRS score to detect obstructive coronary artery disease CAD in patients with otherwise normal exercise stress test remains unclear. Methods and Results-We analyzed 458 patients who underwent exercise stress test with or without myocardial perfusion imaging within 2 months of coronary angiography from 2008 to 2011. Patients (n=173) with abnormal stress test based on ST segment criteria were excluded. The Athens QRS score ≤5 was defined as abnormal. In our study cohort, 285 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into 2 groups: Low Athens QRS score (LQRS, n=56), with QRS score ≤5 and normal Athens QRS score normal Athens QRS score, n=229), with QRS score > 5. The presence of single-vessel and multivessel obstructive CAD was higher in LQRS than in normal Athens QRS score patients (47% versus 7.5% and 30% versus 3.8%, respectively, all P < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of CAD was strongly and independently associated with LQRS (odds ratio=36.81, 95% CI: 10.77-120.47), diabetes (odds ratio=6.49, 95% CI: 2.41-17.49), lower maximum heart rate (odds ratio=0.92, 95% CI: 0.88-0.95, all P < 0.001), and older age (odds ratio=1.93, CI: 1.88-1.97, P=0.002). Conclusions-In a clinical cohort of patients with chest pain and normal exercise stress test, LQRS score is a strong independent predictor of presence of CAD. LQRS patients have a 6-fold higher prevalence of CAD and may warrant further evaluation even with reassuring exercise stress test.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002832
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Exercise stress test
  • QRS score

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