AT-406, an orally active antagonist of multiple inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, inhibitsprogression of human ovarian cancer

Melissa K. Brunckhorst, Dimitry Lerner, Shaomeng Wang, Qin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian carcinoma is the most deadly gynecological malignancy. Current chemotherapeutic drugs are only transiently effective and patients with advance disease often develop resistance despite significant initial responses. Mounting evidence suggests that anti-apoptotic proteins, including those of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP ) family, play important roles in the chemoresistance. There has been a recent emergence of compounds that block the IAP functions. Here, we evaluated AT-406, a novel and orally active antagonist of multiple IAP proteins, in ovarian cancer cells as a single agent and in the combination with carboplatin for therapeutic efficacy and mechanism of action. We demonstrate that AT-406 has significant single agent activity in 60% of human ovarian cancer cell lines examined in vitro and inhibits ovarian cancer progression in vivo and that three out of five carboplatinresistant cell lines are sensitive to AT-406, highlighting the therapeutic potential of AT-406 for patients with inherent or acquired platinum resistance. Additionally, our in vivo studies show that AT-406 enhances the carboplatin-induced ovarian cancer cell death and increases survival of the experimental mice, suggesting that AT-406 sensitizes the response of these cells to carboplatin. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that AT-406 induced apoptosis is correlated with its ability to downregulate XIAP whereas AT-406 induces cIAP 1 degradation in both AT-406 sensitive and resistance cell lines. Together, these results demonstrate, for the first time, the anti-ovarian cancer efficacy of AT-406 as a single agent and in the combination with carboplatin, suggesting that AT-406 has potential as a novel therapy for ovarian cancer patients, especially for patients exhibiting resistance to the platinum-based therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804-811
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Chemosensitization
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Smac mimetic
  • Therapeutic agent

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