Asymmetry of Facial Expressions of Emotion

Joan C. Borod, Elizabeth M. Murray, William H. Krause, Remington J. Stafford, Elizabeth M. Murray, William H. Krause, Amanda D. Bono, Erica P. Meltzer, Elizabeth M. Murray, William H. Krause, Amanda D. Bono, Erica P. Meltzer, Joan C. Borod, Joan C. Borod

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The purpose of this chapter is to review the various theories of facial emotion lateralization and to provide an examination of the research conducted to date that addresses these theories, drawing upon evidence primarilyfrom behavioraland lesion studies. The chapter focuses on human research, but studies from primates are also considered. The lateralization of facial emotion is discussed in terms of demographic factors (e.g., age and gender), valence (i.e., positive or negative emotions), and elicitation procedure (i.e., posed vs. spontaneous). The chapter evaluates theories pertaining to hemispheric specialization (e.g., the valence hypothesis) and location-specific differences (e.g., upper vs. lower face) during facial emotional expression. Finally, the chapter concludes with suggestions about directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding Facial Expressions in Communication
Subtitle of host publicationCross-Cultural and Multidisciplinary Perspectives
PublisherSpringer India
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9788132219347
ISBN (Print)9788132219330
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Emotions
  • Facial expressions
  • Laterality


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