Associations Between Long-Term and Near-Term Stressful Life Events, Suicide Crisis Syndrome, and Suicidal Ideation

Megan L. Rogers, Jenelle A. Richards, Erjia Cao, Mia Krumerman, Shira Barzilay, Yarden Blum, Ksenia Chistopolskaya, Elif Çinka, Manuela Dudeck, M. Ishrat Husain, Fatma Kantas Yilmaz, Natalia A. Kravtsova, Oskar Kuśmirek, Vikas Menon, Jefté Peper-Nascimento, Barbara Pilecka, Larissa Titze, Samira S. Valvassori, Sungeun You, Igor Galynker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The suicide crisis syndrome (SCS) and suicidal ideation (SI) are differentially linked to short-term suicide risk. Since both are theoretically and empirically linked to stressful life events, which have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, a clear understanding of these processes may be essential for suicide prevention. Thus, the present study examined (a) associations between SCS, SI, and total number of stressful life events and (b) relations between specific types of stressful life events, SCS, and SI. Participants (N = 5,528) across 10 participating countries completed an anonymous online battery of self-report measures assessing stressful life events, SCS symptoms, and SI during the COVID-19 pandemic. In a negative binomial regression, the association between SCS and the total number of stressful life events was approximately two to three times stronger than that of the relation between SI and the number of stressful life events. Relationship-related and role/identity-related stressors were most consistently related to SCS and SI crossnationally. Remaining vigilant of the link between stressful life events, SI, and SCS is imperative in preventing suicide. During the COVID-19 pandemic, SCS has a stronger relationship to stressful life events than SI in a way that appears relatively invariant to cross-cultural differences. SCS and SI may identify two divergent pathways to suicidal behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-221
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • cross-national
  • stressful life events
  • suicidal ideation
  • suicide
  • suicide crisis syndrome

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