Associations between combined exposure to environmental hazards and social stressors at the neighborhood level and individual perinatal outcomes in the ECHO-wide cohort

on behalf of program collaborators for Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited studies examine how prenatal environmental and social exposures jointly impact perinatal health. Here we investigated relationships between a neighborhood-level combined exposure (CE) index assessed during pregnancy and perinatal outcomes, including birthweight, gestational age, and preterm birth. Across all participants, higher CE index scores were associated with small decreases in birthweight and gestational age. We also observed effect modification by race; infants born to Black pregnant people had a greater risk of preterm birth for higher CE values compared to White infants. Overall, our results suggest that neighborhood social and environmental exposures have a small but measurable joint effect on neonatal indicators of health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102858
JournalHealth and Place
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Environmental hazards
  • Neighborhoods
  • Perinatal health
  • Prenatal
  • Social stressors

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