Association of Resting Heart Rate with Infrarenal Aortic Diameter: A Cross Sectional Study in Chinese Hypertensive Adults

R. Wei, L. S. Liu, L. W. Wang, Y. B. Li, T. Zhang, J. Liu, S. W. Zuo, S. H. Jia, Y. X. Song, Z. Y. Wu, C. Duan, Y. Y. Ge, H. B. Li, J. Xiong, X. Jia, X. Wang, W. Kong, X. P. Xu, W. Guo, Y. Huo

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) has been shown to be a risk marker for cardiovascular disease. Results from studies on the effects of RHR in large arteries are limited to the functional changes of those arteries, while the association between RHR and aortic diameter remains largely understudied. Methods This was a cross sectional study of hypertensive Chinese adults from rural areas. The maximum infrarenal aortic diameter (maxIAD) from renal arteries to the iliac bifurcation was obtained by ultrasound. MaxIADs in different RHR groups were compared in males and females separately because of the significant differences between sexes. Multiple regression analysis was used to determinate the correlation between RHR and maxIAD. Further interactions between three factors (BMI, smoking, and anti-hypertensive regimens) and RHR for maxIAD were examined using subgroup analysis. Results 19,200 subjects were enrolled in the study, with an average age of 64.8±7.4 years and 61.6% females. Only 22 cases (0.11%) were detected with AAA, with males (n = 17) presenting a higher AAA incidence than females (n = 5). In subjects ≥65 years, there were 18 (0.19%) AAA, and 15 (83.3%) had a history of smoking. In the total subjects, the mean maxIAD ranged from 15.7±2.1 mm to 15.2±2.2 mm as RHR changed from the lowest quartile to the highest (≥84 bpm) in males, with a similar tendency observed in females. The correlation coefficient of RHR on maxIAD was -0.17 in males and -0.12 in females. Further subgroup analysis revealed that smoking exaggerated the correlation between RHR and maxIAD, but only in females. Conclusions A low AAA incidence was observed in this hypertensive Chinese population. There was a negative association between RHR and maxIAD, potentially exaggerated by smoking, especially in females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-721
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic diameter
  • Aortic dilatation
  • Atherosclerotic stenosis
  • Resting heart rate

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