Association of heart rate response with scan and left ventricular function on adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging

Aseem Vashist, Eliot N. Heller, Steve Blum, Edward J. Brown, Narendra C. Bhalodkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

To evaluate the association of heart rate (HR) response with abnormal scan and/or left ventricular (LV) function in patients undergoing adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging, we retrospectively studied 188 consecutive patients who underwent a standard adenosine stress test (without exercise) and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using technetium-99m sestamibi radioisotope. Change in HR was calculated by subtracting HR at rest from peak HR. The percentage change in HR was calculated. All patients underwent stress and resting single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. LV ejection fraction (EF) was calculated using gated SPECT. Mean age was 60 ± 12 years and 135 of the patients (72%) were women. We divided the patients into 2 groups: group 1 (142 patients, 75%) had normal scans and group 2 (46 patients, 25%) had abnormal scans; abnormal scans were defined as presence of either fixed defects, reversible defects, or both. Average HR increased by 29 beats/min in the normal scan group compared with 19 beats/min in the abnormal scan group (p = 0.0004). Forty-seven patients (25%) had reduced EF (<45%). This group had an average HR and percentage HR increase of 20 beats/min (29%) compared with an increase of 29 beats/min (44%) in patients with normal EF (p = 0.002 and p = 0.002, respectively). Thus, a diminished HR response had a significant association with both an abnormal scan and reduced EF on adenosine MPI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-177
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

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