The genetic background plays an important role in the development of progressive glomerulosclerosis. However, no marker is available for the reliable prediction of genetic susceptibility to glomerulosclerosis. Because matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels are decreased in models of glomerulosclerosis and MMP-9 promoter polymorphism has been observed among patients with diabetic nephropathy, MMP-9 could be one such marker. The object of this study was to determine whether MMP-9 promoter polymorphism was associated with altered MMP-9 expression in mesangial cells (MC) from two mouse strains, i.e., ROP (glomerulosclerosis prone) and B6SJL (glomerulosclerosis resistant). ROP MC expressed 12-fold less MMP-9 mRNA. The MMP-9 promoter in ROP MC contained fewer d(CA) repeats, which was associated with lower MMP-9 expression and activity. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (3 to 60 ng/ml) increased MMP-9 expression in both MC types (3- to 4.5-fold), but the level in ROP MC never reached that in B6SLJ MC. Although reciprocal transfection of ROP and B6SJL MMP-9 promoter constructs into B6SJL and ROP cells revealed that the promoters were functional in both cell types, the B6SJL promoter was less responsive to phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate stimulation when transfected into ROP MC, suggesting a role for other factors. In conclusion, the MMP-9 promoter exhibits a decreased number of d(CA) repeats in the sclerosis-prone strain. Because fewer d(CA) repeats associated with decreased MMP-9 expression in MC, it might be a genetic marker for glomerulosclerosis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN|
|State||Published - 2002|