Association between prognosis and hormone receptors in women with breast cancer.

A. E. Papatestas, S. R. Miller, D. Pertsemlidis, R. Fagerstrom, G. Lesnick, A. H. Aufses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Axillary node involvement, hormone receptors, tumor differentiation, and obesity have been linked to breast cancer prognosis. We have evaluated which of these factors have an independent association with disease-free survival using the Cox Proportional Hazards model. The study was carried out in 377 patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy and axillary node dissection between 1977 and 1984. In the univariate analysis all of the above factors were associated with differences in disease-free survival, and all entered the stepwise model. Among women with negative nodes and those with one to three positive nodes, tumor differentiation was a significant indicator of prognosis, while hormone receptors did not have prognostic significance. The opposite was noted in women with four or more involved nodes, among whom negative hormone receptors was the only significant marker of poor prognosis together with presence of obesity. Among young women node involvement and hormone receptors were significant prognostic indicators, while among older women all four variables were independent prognostic markers. These results indicate a marked heterogeneity among subgroups of women with breast cancer in relation to prognostic markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Detection and Prevention
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1986


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