Association Between Dementia Care Programs in Assisted Living Facilities and Transitions to Nursing Homes in Ontario, Canada: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Derek R. Manis, Ahmad Rahim, Jeffrey W. Poss, Iwona A. Bielska, Susan E. Bronskill, Jean Éric Tarride, Julia Abelson, Andrew P. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We investigate whether older adults who were newly diagnosed with dementia (severity unspecified) and resided in an assisted living facility that offered a dementia care program had a lower rate of transition to a nursing home, compared to those who resided in an assisted living facility without such a program. Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study. Setting and Participants: Linked, person-level health system administrative data on older adults who were newly diagnosed with dementia and resided in an assisted living facility in Ontario, Canada, from 2014 to 2019 (n = 977). Methods: Access to a dementia care program in an assisted living facility (n = 57) was examined. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression with robust standard errors clustered on the assisted living facility was used to model the time to transition to a nursing home from the new dementia diagnosis. Results: There were 11.8 transitions to a nursing home per 100 person-years among older adults who resided in an assisted living facility with a dementia care program, compared with 20.5 transitions to a nursing home per 100 person-years among older adults who resided in an assisted living facility without a dementia care program. After adjustment for relevant characteristics at baseline, older adults who resided in an assisted living facility with a dementia care program had a 40% lower rate of transition to a nursing home (hazard ratio 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.44, 0.81), compared with those in an assisted living facility without such a program at any point during the follow-up period. Conclusions and Implications: The rate of transition to a nursing home was significantly lower among older adults who resided in an assisted living facility that offered a dementia care program. These findings support the expansion of dementia care programs in assisted living facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2115-2120.e6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dementia care
  • assisted living facilities
  • long-term care
  • nursing homes
  • retirement homes

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