Association between cumulative psychosocial risk and cervical human papillomavirus infection among female adolescents in a free vaccination program

Lourdes Oriana Linares, Viswanathan Shankar, Angela Diaz, Anne Nucci-Sack, Howard D. Strickler, Ken Peake, Jocelyn Weiss, Robert D. Burk, Nicolas F. Schlecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: This study investigated the association of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with cumulative psychosocial risk reflecting family disadvantage, psychological distress, and unhealthy lifestyle. Methods: The sample (N 5 745) comprised sexually active female adolescent patients (12-19 yr), primarily ethnic minorities, enrolled in a free HPV vaccination program. Subjects completed questionnaires and provided cervical swabs for HPV DNA testing. Unweighted and weighted principal component analyses for categorical data were used to derive multisystemic psychosocial risk indices using 9 indicators: low socioeconomic status, lack of adult involvement, not attending high school/college, history of treatment for depression/anxiety, antisocial/delinquent behavior, number of recent sexual partners, use of alcohol, use of drugs, and dependency risk for alcohol/drugs. The association between cervical HPV (any type, high-risk types, vaccine types) assayed by polymerase chain reaction and self-reported number of psychosocial risk indicators was estimated using multivariable logistic regression. Results: Subjects had a median of 3 psychosocial risk indicators. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed associations with unweighted and weighted number of psychosocial indicators for HPV any type (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.2), with the strongest associations between weighted drug/alcohol use, drug/alcohol dependency risk, and antisocial/delinquent behavior and detection of HPV vaccine types (aOR 5 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0) independent of number of recent sexual partners and vaccine dose (0-3). Conclusion: Increased HPV infections including HPV vaccine types were associated with greater number of psychosocial risk indicators even after controlling for demographics, sexual behavior, history of chlamydia, and vaccine dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-627
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2015


  • Adolescent health
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • HPV
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Psychosocial risk
  • Sexual activity


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