Association between adjuvant radiation treatment and breast cancer-specific mortality among older women with comorbidity burden: A comparative effectiveness analysis of SEER-MHOS

Eunkyung Lee, Robert B. Hines, Jianbin Zhu, Michael J. Rovito, Kavita V. Dharmarajan, Madhu Mazumdar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network suggested that older women with low-risk breast cancer (LRBC; i.e., early-stage, node-negative, and estrogen receptor-positive) could omit adjuvant radiation treatment (RT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) if they were treated with hormone therapy. However, the association between RT omission and breast cancer-specific mortality among older women with comorbidity is not fully known. Methods: 1105 older women (≥65 years) with LRBC in 1998–2012 were queried from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results–Medicare Health Outcomes Survey data resource and were followed up through July 2018. Latent class analysis was performed to identify comorbidity burden classes. A propensity score-based inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was applied to Cox regression models to obtain subdistribution hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CI for cancer-specific mortality considering other causes of death as competing risks, overall and separately by comorbidity burden class. Results: Three comorbidity burden (low, moderate, and high) groups were identified. A total of 318 deaths (47 cancer-related) occurred. The IPTW-adjusted Cox regression analysis showed that RT omission was not associated with short-term, 5- and 10-year cancer-specific death (p = 0.202 and p = 0.536, respectively), regardless of comorbidity burden. However, RT omission could increase the risk of long-term cancer-specific death in women with low comorbidity burden (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.17, 3.33), which warrants further study. Conclusions: Omission of RT after BCS is not associated with an increased risk of cancer-specific death and is deemed a reasonable treatment option for older women with moderate to high comorbidity burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18729-18744
Number of pages16
JournalCancer Medicine
Volume12
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • cancer-specific mortality
  • comorbidity burden
  • latent class analysis
  • low-risk breast cancer
  • radiotherapy
  • risk stratification

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