Assessment of Measures for Abdominal Adiposity in Persons with Spinal Cord Injury

Racine R. Emmons, Carol Ewing Garber, Christopher M. Cirnigliaro, Steven C. Kirshblum, Ann M. Spungen, William A. Bauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ultrasound may be a useful tool to assess abdominal adiposity, but it has not been validated in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. This study evaluated associations between abdominal ultrasound and other methods to assess adiposity in 24 men with SCI and 20 able-bodied (AB) men. Waist (WC) and hip circumference (HC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were measured. Trunk (TRK%), android (A%) and waist fat (W%) were determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); ultrasonography determined abdominal subcutaneous (SF) and visceral fat (VF). The SCI group had greater TRK% (40.0 ± 9.6 vs. 32.0 ± 10.3), W% (47.0 ± 9.7 vs. 40.6 ± 9.4), A% (43.0 ± 9.8 vs. 35.8 ± 10.6) and WHR (0.99 ± 0.1 vs. 0.92 ± 0.06) than the AB group. WC and WHR correlated with VF in the SCI group. These associations suggest that ultrasound may be a useful tool in clinical practice for the measurement of VF in weight loss programs and for the assessment of cardiometabolic disorders.(E-mail: racine.emmons@va.gov).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)734-741
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Abdominal adiposity
  • Abdominal ultrasonography
  • Spinal cord injury

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