Purpose: What is the rate of euploidy and clinical viability of embryos resulting from micro 3 pronuclei zygotes? Methods: Retrospective cohort analysis in a single, academic in vitro fertilization (IVF) center from March 2018 to June 2021. Cohorts were separated by fertilization as either a 2 pronuclear zygote (2PN) or micro 3 pronuclear zygote (micro 3PN). PGT-A was performed to identify embryonic ploidy rates in embryos created from micro 3PN zygotes. The clinical outcomes of all transferred euploid micro 3PN zygotes were evaluated from frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Results: During the designated study period, 75,903 mature oocytes were retrieved and underwent ICSI. Of these, 60,161 were fertilized as 2PN zygotes (79.3%) and 183 fertilized as micro 3PN zygotes (0.24%). Of the micro 3PN-derived embryos that underwent biopsy, 27.5% (n=11/42) were deemed euploid by PGT-A, compared to 51.4% (n=12,301/23,923) of 2PN-derived embryos, p=0.06. Four micro 3PN-derived embryos were transferred in subsequent single euploid FET cycles, which includes one live birth and one ongoing pregnancy. Conclusion: Micro 3PN zygotes that develop to the blastocyst stage and meet the criteria for embryo biopsy have the potential to be euploid by preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) and if selected for transfer can achieve a live birth. Although there are a significantly lower number of micro 3PN embryos that make it to blastocyst biopsy, the potential to continue to culture abnormally fertilized oocytes may give these patients a chance at pregnancy that they previously did not have.
- Abnormal fertilization
- Embryo viability
- Euploid embryo
- Single frozen blastocyst transfer