Assessing COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy and Trust in Home Health Workers in New York City: A Pilot Study

Chelsea Aleo McCabe, Chinmayi Venkatram, Sahiti Yarakala, Maya Korin, Alexander Boulos, Kristin Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to identify characteristics surrounding COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and trust in home health workers (HHWs) in New York City. Methods: Data were collected from HHWs through focus group sessions conducted via Zoom. We developed a facilitator guide using the 5C Scale, a validated psychometric tool for assessing vaccine hesitancy. We performed qualitative thematic analysis using a combined inductive and deductive approach. Results: Major themes that emerged included the following: conflicting information decreased vaccine confidence; individualized outreach is valued when information gathering; mandates and financial incentives may increase skepticism; low health literacy and conflict in personal relationships are barriers to acceptance; and experiencing a severe infection and fear of exposure at work increase acceptance. Conclusions: Based on our study, personalized yet consistent messaging may be key to reaching hesitant HHWs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-173
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • COVID-19 vaccines
  • New York City
  • focus groups
  • home health aides
  • home health care
  • qualitative research
  • vaccination hesitancy

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