Arctiin induces cell growth inhibition through the down-regulation of cyclin D1 expression

Youichirou Matsuzaki, Makoto Koyama, Toshiaki Hitomi, Tomoya Yokota, Mayumi Kawanaka, Akiyoshi Nishikawa, Doris Germain, Toshiyuki Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Arctiin is a major lignan constituent of Arctium lappa and has anti-cancer properties in animal models. It was recently reported that arctiin induces growth inhibition in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. However, the growth inhibitory mechanism of arctiin remains unknown. Herein we report that arctiin induces growth inhibition and dephosphorylates the tumor-suppressor retinoblastoma protein in human immortalized keratinocyte HaCaT cells. We also show that the growth inhibition caused by arctiin is associated with the down-regulation of cyclin D1 protein expression. Furthermore, the arctiin-induced suppression of cyclin D1 protein expression occurs in various types of human tumor cells, including osteosarcoma, lung, colorectal, cervical and breast cancer, melanoma, transformed renal cells and prostate cancer. Depletion of the cyclin D1 protein using small interfering RNA-rendered human breast cancer MCF-7 cells insensitive to the growth inhibitory effects of arctiin, implicates cyclin D1 as an important target of arctiin. Taken together, these results suggest that arctiin down-regulates cyclin D1 protein expression and that this at least partially contributes to the anti-proliferative effect of arctiin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-727
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Arctiin
  • Cyclin D1
  • Lignan
  • Retinoblastoma protein


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