Apparent amelioration of bundle branch blocks and intraventricular conduction delays mediated by anasarca

John E. Madias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nine patients aged 76.2 ± 8.0 years, 3 males and 6 females, who had suffered anasarca due to various illnesses, and had bundle branch block (BBB) or intraventricular conduction delays (IVCD) on admission (3 with complete left BBB [LBBB], 2 with incomplete LBBB, 2 with complete right BBB, and 2 with complete IVCD), are described. After gaining 48.2 ± 26.9 lb because of anasarca, their electrocardiograms revealed decreased QRS duration (112.7 ± 18.9 milliseconds), as compared with the same measurement on admission (130.1 ± 12.6 milliseconds) (P =. 015), with 4 patients showing apparent conversion of their complete BBB or IVCD to incomplete BBB, or normal IVC. Of these 9 patients, 5 lost subsequently 45.6 ± 37.0 lb, and this was now associated with an increase in the QRS duration from 109.6 ± 23.0 to 127.8 ± 17.4 milliseconds (P =. 004), with 1 patient converting from normal IVC to incomplete LBBB, and 1 from incomplete to complete IVCD. These findings suggest that anasarca leads to apparent amelioration of the features of BBB or IVCD, with subsequent return to the baseline complete BBB or IVCD after loss of fluid overload; consequently, accurate characterization of a patient's BBB or IVCD is interfered with by the presence of anasarca. The pathophysiologic mechanism of this phenomenon has been traced to decreases of voltage across the entire electrocardiographic curve due to attenuation of the electrical impedance of the body volume conductor due to accumulation of the anasarca fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-165
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anasarca
  • Bundle branch block
  • ECG
  • Electrical impedance
  • Electrophysiology
  • Intraventricular conduction delay
  • Passive body volume conductor

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