“ANZANSI Program Taught Me Many Things in Life”: Families’ Experiences with a Combination Intervention to Prevent Adolescent Girls’ Unaccompanied Migration for Labor

Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Alice Boateng, Portia B. Nartey, Abdallah Ibrahim, Kingsley Kumbelim, Proscovia Nabunya, Fred M. Ssewamala, Mary M. McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Approximately 160 million children work as child laborers globally, 39% of whom are female. Ghana is one of the countries with the highest rates of child labor. Child labor has serious health, mental health, and educational consequences, and those who migrate independently for child labor are even at higher risk. Yet, evidence-based efforts to prevent unaccompanied child migration are limited. In this study, we examined the acceptability of a family-level intervention, called ANZANSI (resilience in local language) combining two evidence-based interventions, a family economic empowerment intervention and a multiple family group family strengthening intervention, to reduce the risk factors associated with the independent migration of adolescent girls from the Northern region to big cities in Ghana. We conducted semi-structured interviews separately with 20 adolescent girls and their caregivers who participated in ANZANSI. Interviews were conducted in the local language and transcribed and translated verbatim. Informed by the theoretical framework of acceptability, the data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The results showed high intervention acceptability among both adolescent girls and their caregivers, including low burden, positive affective attitude, high perceived effectiveness, low opportunity costs, and high self-efficacy. The study findings underline the high need for such interventions in low-resource contexts in Ghana and provide the foundation for testing this intervention in a larger randomized trial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13168
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ghana
  • adolescent girls
  • child labor
  • evidence-based intervention
  • intervention acceptability
  • qualitative
  • unaccompanied migration

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