Anxiety and medical disorders

Jacqueline E. Muller, Liezl Koen, Dan J. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Anxiety symptoms and disorders are associated with a range of general medical disorders. This association may be a physiologic consequence of the general medical disorder, a psychologic reaction to the experience of having a medical illness, a side effect of treatment, or a chance occurrence. This article briefly reviews the associations of panic disorder with seizure disorder, Klüver-Bucy syndrome, mitral valve prolapse, and respiratory disorders; of generalized anxiety disorder with chronic obstructive airway disease and cardiovascular and endocrine disorders; of social anxiety disorder with Parkinson's disease; of obsessive-compulsive disorder with striatal disorders; and of posttraumatic stress disorder with head injury and pain. Such associations provide important clues for understanding the neurobiology of anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2005


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