Patients with atrial fibrillation who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stent implantation often require oral anticoagulation (OAC) and antiplatelet therapies. Triple antithrombotic therapy (OAC, a P2Y12-receptor inhibitor, and aspirin) has been the default antithrombotic strategy. Evidence from randomized trials indicates, however, that a dual antithrombotic therapy strategy (OAC plus a P2Y12-receptor inhibitor) reduces bleeding risk without increasing the risk of ischemic events. This review provides an overview of advancements in this field as well as European and North American guidelines and consensus documents to inform clinical decision making around antithrombotic therapies for patients with atrial fibrillation who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Dual antithrombotic therapy
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Triple antithrombotic therapy