Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Exposure Impacts Vedolizumab Mucosal Healing Rates in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Jacqueline Jossen, Bridget D. Kiernan, Nanci Pittman, Marla C. Dubinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background:Vedolizumab (VDZ) is effective for treating both adult and pediatric onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Clinical outcomes, however, have been reported to be superior in patients naïve to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF). With the growing interest in endoscopic endpoints, we aimed to describe rates of mucosal healing in pediatric patients being treated with VDZ and examine the influence of anti-TNF on outcomes.Methods:We conducted a retrospective review of all IBD patients ≤21 years of age who initiated VDZ and underwent endoscopy. Primary outcome was mucosal healing (composite of endoscopic [SES-CD] and Mayo score UC) and histological remission [Nancy index-UC and Crohn disease (CD) histologic activity]. Descriptive statistics summarized the data. Comparisons were made for endpoints based on anti-TNF exposure using univariate testing.Results:Sixty-eight patients were included in the final analysis; 35 with UC and 33 with CD. Thirty-two patients (22 UC and 10 CD) were anti-TNF-naïve and 36 patients (13 UC and 23 CD) were anti-TNF-exposed. The median duration on VDZ before endoscopic assessment was 49 (IQR 32-73) weeks. A total of 38% (25/66) of patients met the primary outcome of mucosal healing and did not differ between anti-TNF-naïve or anti-TNF-exposed. Endoscopic remission was achieved by 51% with significantly more anti-TNF naïve patients reaching this endpoint (66% vs 40%, P = 0.03). Histologic remission was achieved by 42% of patients with a nonsignificant trend towards improved histologic remission rates in anti-TNF-naïve patients (52% vs 33%, P = 0.13).Conclusions:VDZ is associated with mucosal healing in pediatric IBD. Anti-TNF exposure significantly impacted endoscopic remission, but not histologic remission in children on VDZ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-309
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • mucosal healing
  • pediatrics
  • vedolizumab


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