Purpose:The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between anthropometric measures and steep cornea.Methods:Participants from the 1999 to 2008 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey visual examination were included (20,165 subjects). Cases had a mean dioptric power, averaged across the meridians, ≥ 48.0 diopters (n = 171). Separate multivariable models assessed body mass index, height, and weight in relation to steep cornea. Analyses included both overall and sex-stratified populations.Results:A relationship between BMI and steep cornea in the overall population was not detected (P for trend = 0.78). There was a strong inverse relationship between height (adjusted for weight) and steep cornea in the overall population (P for trend <0.0001) and in women (P for trend <0.0001). For every 1-inch increase in height, there was a 16% reduced odds of steep cornea in the overall population (OR, 0.84; 95% CI: 0.77-0.92). A relationship between weight and steep cornea was not detected in the overall population (P for trend = 0.79).Conclusions:Greater height was associated with a lower risk of steep cornea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-725
Number of pages7
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • anthropometric
  • height
  • population health
  • steep cornea
  • weight


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